The science community seems to have many breakthroughs every year, from biological and technological breakthroughs, to discoveries in archaeology and space. The possibilities of what will be discovered in a single year are limitless. With quite an active year of science behind us in 2014, last year gave way to many changes in the scientific community. Along with capturing the Black Sea Devil on camera, scientists also found a possible way for stem cells to possibly cure Type One Diabetes, a new clue into the origin of the Big Bang and Universe, and unfortunately, a resurgence of diseases that had been nearly eradicated years ago such as measles, whooping cough, and more due to people refusing to vaccinate their children.
Out of the many discoveries and scientific breakthroughs of 2014, the following is list of the top 15 scientific breakthroughs of 2014.
The Philae robotic probe was the first ever probe to land on a comet nucleus. On November 12, 2014, the Philae probe that accompanied the Rosetta spacecraft made a successful touchdown after a ten year journey from the European Space Agency onto the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Philae originally encountered a few problems before launching and detaching from the Rosetta spacecraft, including the cold-gas thruster of Philae not working properly, but the scientists at the European Space Agency went ahead and gave it an all clear to detach. After bouncing a couple of times slightly off the comet and back on, as well as landing without anchoring itself, it finally settled into a shadow of a cliff on the comet. After just a short time, the findings that Philae is making on the comet is already changing the way that humans view the universe, making answers to our origins more possible to find.
In September of 2014, for the first time ever, a woman successfully gave birth to her baby after receiving a womb transplant. The 36 year old woman was born with a congenital disorder named Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome, in which a woman does not have a womb at birth. There have been nine Swedish women that have received a uterine transplant from live donors between 2012 through 2013. Some of those women had wombs donated from their own family members and some of their own mothers, but this woman received a womb from a family friend who was 61 years old. After giving birth to a healthy baby with a womb transplant, women all over the world who are missing uteruses or have uteruses that are not capable of carrying a baby are now finding hope that they, too, could receive a womb transplant and possibly give birth to a healthy baby of their own.